Goat production in Nigeria has been an old-time practice.
Some people rear goats for domestic purpose while others rear them for commercial purpose.
The question “How much are Nigerian goats” is often asked by individuals who want to have goats as pets or for consumption and by individuals who want to have them for commercial purpose.
Whichever category you fall into, this article contains the list of goat prices in Nigeria to inform you and to give you a picture of the current market prices.
Also, you’re going to learn a few things about the types of goats in Nigeria.
Breeds & Types of Goats in Nigeria
There are 2 major classifications of goats in Nigeria; the local breed and the exotic breed.
- The local breed consists of: West African Dwarf, Pygymy, Sahelian, Red Sokoto or Maradi goats
- The exotic breed comprises: Alpine, Boer, Saanen, Anglo-Nubian, Jamunapari, Toggenburg
Read on to know more about the different breed of goats in Nigeria.
1. West African Dwarf Goat
The West African Dwarf (WAD) are known for their high fertility, high twinning rates, and multiple births. As their name implies, they have stunted growth and typically have a height of 30cm to 50cm. Nigeria dwarf goats are mostly found in the southern part of Nigeria. The matured males weigh between 20kg to 25kg while the matured females weigh between 18kg to 22kg.
This type of goat can breed at 12 to 18 months, and often undergo multiple reproductions by frequently giving birth to twins and triplets. They are a multipurpose breed kept for several reasons, mostly for milk and meat production.
2. Pygymy Goats
They look very similar to the Nigerian dwarf goats and can be easily confused. Oftentimes, they have the same height and weight but still have some differences. Pygymy goats, which are mainly kept for meat production, are studier and have shorter legs. They have smaller tits, smaller udders, and their energy production is channelled into their muscles and into their milk.
Pygymy goats are miniature domestic goats that make a great choice if you’re looking for a meat goat. They are strong and can withstand any type of climate. The goats love to feed on greens and grains. They are quite mischievous and love to have items to jump on.
3. Sahelian Goats
Sahelian goats are mostly kept for meat and skin production. They are characterised by a shallow chest, narrow body, long legs, and short croup. The adult males have an average height of 65 to 85 cm while the adult females have a height of 65 to 75 cm. Unlike the West African Dwarfs, Sahelian mostly reproduce one offspring during birth. They, however, produce two at times.
Sahelian goats do well in desert areas but are intolerant of high humidity areas; they cannot survive for too long in areas with high humidity. They can feed well on a variety of vegetation within the nomadic environment where they are usually found.
4. Red Sokoto (Maradi) Goats
The goats, which are also referred to as Sokoto red goats, are kept throughout the North. They are small in size and are considered one of the Savannah group goat. The major herd population is found in the Maradi region of Niger, which is why they are also referred to as Maradi goats.
There are 2 varieties of this breed; red coat and black coat. Both varieties are kept mostly for skin and milk production. History has it that Red Sokoto goats were once used to improve local breeds in Niger.
As they are named, the Sokoto red goats are red in colour. They are distinguishable from other breeds by their conformation and prolificacy.
1. Alpine Goats
Alpine goats are popular for their milk production. They are a medium-sized dairy breed that is good for home and commercial milk production. This breed is found in a variety of colours and is usually bearded. The average weight of an adult male Alpine is 77kg while that of a female is 61kg.
These goats are more productive when they are allowed to graze freely and are given plenty of water. They attain maturity quickly and can start breeding within 4 to 6 months. The goats mostly produce twins but also have triplets and singles from time to time. These dairy goats are strong and can adapt to different climates.
2. Boer Goats
Boer goats usually have a white body with a red head and red on the neck. They are docile, have a fast growth rate, and are very fertile. The breed, which originates from South Africa, is popular for its high meat production.
They are big-sized goats that are very suitable for commercial farming because of their fast growth. Although they are also used for milk production, they are more suitable for meat production. The adult male Boer goats have an average weight of 110 to 135kg while the adult female Boer goats have an average weight of 90 to 100kg. They are strong and can adapt to various weather and climate conditions. Their meat is tasty and nutritious.
3. Saanen Goats
Saanen goats are named after their place of origin, Saanen, Switzerland. They are of medium to large size and are heavy milk producers. They are white in colour and have rugged bones. Some people refer to them as albino goats because of their appearance and because they are productive in cool and shaded conditions but highly sensitive to too much sunlight.
They are also a good choice for commercial milk production; they can produce 3 to 4 litres of milk daily.
This breed of goats doesn’t usually have horns. The adult male weighs between 70 to 90 kg while the adult female weighs between 60 to 70 kg. The milk they produce is suitable for a variety of dairy products.
Related: Prices of Rabbits in Nigeria
This breed is the result of crossbreeding of British and Indian goat breeds. They are suitable for meat, milk, and skin production. It is agreed that the milk they produce has more butter and fat than many breeds. They are found in various colours and can withstand hot weather conditions.
Anglo-Nubians love the interaction with humans; they quickly attach to their owners by stroking with their necks. They are known for acting like human infants. The goats make noise to gain attention and become quiet as soon as they are served with food and water. They are intelligent and learn quickly. But they can, sometimes, be very stubborn.
5. Jamunapari (or Jamnapari) Goats
This is one of the largest breeds of goats. The breed’s origin is traced to India and got its name from Jamuna, the area where it was first introduced. They are popularly known for their long ears, which are curved downwards. The goats, which have long legs and body, are suitable for commercial milk production. They can produce up to 3 litres daily.
6. Toggenburg Goats
This is one of the oldest dairy goat breeds. The breed is believed to have originated from Switzerland. They are medium-sized and are found in various colours from solid to dark brown. A matured male Toggenburg goat weighs up to 75kg while a matured female weighs up to 55kg.
Goat Prices in Nigeria
The actual prices of goats in Nigeria vary based on location and time of the year among other factors.
- In Northern Nigeria, in places like Sokoto, Kebbi, Zamfara, Niger, Kano, Kaduna, Bauchi, and their environs, the prices range from N6,000 to N15,000
- In Southern Nigeria, in places like Lagos, Ibadan, Onitsha, Port Harcourt, and their environs, the prices range from N10,000 to N25,000
These prices become doubled or even tripled during festive periods, mostly Eid-el-Adha and Eid-el-Fitr celebrated by the Muslims. During these periods, the prices are found as follows.
- In the North, expect anything from N10,000 to N20,000
- In the South, you can obtain them from N15,000 to N30,000
As you can see, the prices vary according to the location and time of the year. The weight of the goat is also a factor that affects the prices. The best time to get a goat for a cheap price is the non-festive period.
If you’d love to go into buying and selling of goats, your best bet is to buy from Northern Nigeria and sell in Southern Nigeria. If you’re in the North and want to go into this business, you’re better of buying from local herdsmen in the villages.